*Post 1 of 2*
^Okay, lets look at these 4 "urban grant" universities:
U of Pittsburgh
U of Cincinnati
U of Louisville
U of Memphis
The "Urban Grants" located on "The River".
Pitt, UL, UCincy, and UMemphis are all not exactly the same institutions. They are all "Urban Grants", that is true. I might put UL, UCincy, and UMemphis in together, but I wouldn't put UPittsburgh in with them and say they all have common goals and history. This is why:
Pitt is an Urban Grant as I described. Its a major research university as designated by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as one of only 3 institutions in the Commonwealth of PA. The other being the flagship U of PA -- Penn State, and the other being Philly's Urban Grant -- Temple. It also has this moniker -- "Major Research University" as it is one of 60 members of the Association of American Universities (AAU) -- 1 of 3 such institutions in the current and future (2005-) Big East (the others are Rutgers and Syracuse). As described above, these AAU institutions include all of the Ivy League schools except Dartmouth, and all of the 11 Big 10 universities, as well as multiple members from other BCS conferences.
Not only is it a prestigious university and a very historic one, with its establsihment in 1787. Its history is a mix of it being a public research university of the Commonwealth (since 1966), but also was, for nearly 2 centuries, a prestigious private university. It is only 2nd to UCLA among all BCS members in its academic reputation of schools that are "Urban Grants".
Now, Pittsburgh is very similar in respect of its partial long history as a "private", as well as its partial history as a "public" with the following Universities:
*University at Buffalo -- State University of New York (established in 1840's as a private medical school, then in 1962 became a "public" as part of the new State University of New York system)
*Cornell University -- One of the 8 private universities in the Ivy League -- its still primarily a "private". It was contracted by the State of New York in its early years to be the Morrill Act of 1862 Land Grant University. With this, 4 of its colleges and schools are public and are part of the State of New York:
College of Agriculture
College of Human Ecology
School of Industrial and Labor Relations; and
College of Veterinary Medicine
*Rutgers University -- The State University of New Jersey. This was originally founded as a private university in 1766. It was very similar to Cornell, as it was the Morrill Act of 1862 Land Grant University for New Jersey, but remained being primarily private, until 1946, when it became a state university. So it too had a very long history as a private - almost 200 years like Pitt, before becoming a state u.
*Temple University -- very similar history as a prestigious private before becoming one of 3 public research universities for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania -- Philly's Urban Grant and sister institution to Pitt -- Pittsburgh's Urban Grant.
*U of Delaware -- The University of Delaware is partially "private", while also being patially "public" as the state's Morrill Act of 1862 Land Grant University. This even remains the case even to this day. It has a role as the state's primary research university, but the board that runs the university is a private board, they are not elected by the people of the state of Delaware, nor are they appointed by the Governor or the state government of Delaware. It was orginally called Delaware College.
Now, as far as the followings role and history of the three other "River" universities that we are comparing here to Pitt:
*University of Cincinnati. It was established in 1819, the 4th oldest university in the "Midwest" or "Northwest Territory". It was for many many years owned by the City of Cincinnati as a municipal university -- a very rare type of ownership today, as Washburn University of Topeka, KS is the only very prominent of municipally-owned universities of today. Another one was the University of Omaha which was acquired by the University of Nebraska in 1968 and now is known as the University of Nebraska at Omaha.
In 1977, it began its affiliation with the state of Ohio as a state university. From reading its history, it almost seems the City of Cincinnati still has some partial ownership in it today. Its establishment as a significant institution of learning didn't happen until the 1880's. It has been a significant research university since the mid-20th Century. It is by far of the 3 universities that we are comparing here to the University of Pittsburgh the most comparable to Pitt, but even then doesn't share any "private university roots and long history" or the AAU membership that Pitt has.
*University of Louisville -- This was established in 1798 as Jefferson Seminary. It had an on and off history throughout the 19th Century, as it open and then closed on more than 1 occaision. It wasn't until the 1890's that it began its continious history as a university that remained operating and began to prosper. Its history is actually longer than the University of Kentucky. It retained the name of the University of Louisville in 1846, but because it opened and closed operations a couple of times after that, it really didn't retain an operating university until 1890. It is designated by the Commonwealth of Kentucky "to become a nationally-recognized metropolitan research university", with a focus on the Louisville metropolitan area.
*University of Memphis: This is what the history says about the University of Memphis
History: The University of Memphis was founded under the auspices of the General Education Bill, enacted by the Tennessee Legislature in 1909. Known originally as West Tennessee Normal School, the institution opened its doors Sept. 10, 1912, with Dr. Seymour A. Mynders as president.
Its mission is the following:
The Mission of the University of Memphis is to:
Provide high quality learning opportunities in the many areas of modern education activity, traditional course work, professional education, and engaged scholarship.
Pursue creative discovery and dissemination of new knowledge through research, artistic expression, and interdisciplinary collaboration.
Transfer knowledge and collaborate through active engagement with the range of community stakeholders and institutions.
Provide leadership and service to address social, intellectual, economic development, and scientific challenges.
Embrace a diverse student population engaged in personal enrichment, lifelong learning, pursuit of successful careers, and meaningful participation in a global society.
We are committed to furthering this mission and to insuring that the University is recognized among the leading metropolitan universities in America.
*Cont. on Post 2 of 2*