I am not totally sure. But this is my intuition of the history of public university intitutions of both Ohio and Indiana:
The tough thing about understanding the roles of all the public universities of a state and the history of those roles is that you either need to find info on the history of all the early public universities and/or find a source that can tell you the overall state's public university history.
The good thing about reading about an individual institution's history, is you get to understand what its roles were and are. The bad thing is that they are most likely not going to talk about some other institutions history and how that particular institution relates to it.
In Ohio's early history, the only 3 universities were Ohio U (1st in the NW territory and Ohio beginning in 1804), Miami U (1809), and U Cincy (1819). Now I know for the longest time, U Cincy was a municipally run and owned by the City of Cincinnati until 1977, when the State of Ohio became quite involved with the institution. The State of Ohio was involved with the opening of Ohio U, but I am not sure if it totally started out as a public U. Miami was started in 1809, but I can't find anything on its history. It might have started out private, but now its a "state-related" institution. These two universities were established prior to the 1862 Morrill Act that established Land Grants. In 1870, OSU was established for this reason, and it might've had a bigger role as well.
I do remember from reading both the Miami U and Ohio U websites that in the 1880's, they both had a "Normal" Department established within their institutional structure. Now Bowling Green and Kent State were both created for the purposes of being a "Normal School", but they might of made an extended purpose of the historic Ohio U and Miami into similar roles, although they had a broader purpose, mission, and history than just being a teachers training school. Like I said in many other posts on "Normal Schools" they were established first as training schools for teachers and multiple campuses and institutions were established throughout a state to reach teachers in rural areas. It could be that Miami U and Ohio U took on the role of 3rd and 4th regional normals, in addition to their broader roles for the purposes of teaching teachers in the SW and SE regions of Ohio, while Kent State concentrated on NE Ohio and BGSU on NW Ohio. I am not sure of this. This is basically based on intuition. Ohio U is celebrating its bi-centennial this year, and there is a book published on its history that may reveal more about its history, role and mission in the state.
Now Ohio State was established to be the states Land Grant and it located in the state capital. Ohio U an Miami don't have medical schools and law schools. U Cincy may have always have had those as the Municipal University of Ohio. They may have established Ohio State not only to be the states Land Grant, but also for the purposes of creating a state medical school and law school. I will need to check this from Ohio State's history to see if this is the case. Today, there is also a medical school, called the Medical Colllege of Ohio based in Toledo, also the Northeastern Ohio Universities have a medical school, and so does Wright State in Dayton in addition to U Cincy and Ohio State. But that is my guess on the difference between Ohio State, Ohio U, and Miami U.
As far as Indiana is concerned, Indiana U is the oldest institution in Indiana and the 5th oldest in U in the NW Territory, established in 1820. Purdue was established in the late 1860's for the Land Grant designation of the Morrill Act of 1862. Purdue is a little different than most Land Grants in that it emphasizes the technology as much as the agriculture. Its almost like a Georgia Tech mixed in with a Michigan State. I think the difference is that Indiana U, unlike Ohio U, was established as the medical school and law school in its institution. I am not sure those two school are both located in Bloomington today. Like most state U's, they locate the medical school in a urban, metropolitan city. It may be located as a separate medical school campus in Indy as part of the IU system and/or may be a part of the IUPUI campus in Indy like the U of Illinois Medical school is part of UIC. Also the University of Alabama Medical School is a part of the University of Alabama-Birmingham. I am not sure. I would have to check both IU and IUPUI websites to see how and where it is located. IUPUI offers degrees from both IU and Purdue, but administratively it is part of the IU system. I think the IU law school is in Bloomington though.
The Law School and Medical School function are significant pieces of state flagship institutions and their history can lead the school into a strong research function and service to the state.
As far as the Normal school functions. I am not sure if there were more than two in Indiana, but Ball State and Indiana State served the Normal school functions. I am not sure totally what the purpose of the University of Southern Indiana, located in Evansville, is, but it was started in the 1960's, long after the Normal School paradigm was less needed. I know there are branch campuses of IU and PU in different locations, like IU South Bend, PU Calumet, IU-Kokomo, IU-Columbus, IUPUFW, etc. But I am not sure if these are late 20th Century campuses or originally Normal schools established in the late 1800s/early 1900s like ISU an BSU.
But I am not totally sure on this, but that's what why intuitive guess is.
Last edited by sportsgeog on Tue Aug 17, 2004 7:37 pm, edited 1 time in total.